Şəki şəhər Mərkəzi kitabxanası

Şəki şəhər MKS
Azərbaycanlıların soyqırımı
8 Sentyabr , 2015

Khojali assault by the Armenian armed forces was predetermined by a strategic location of the city. Over the night from February 25 to 26, 1992 the Armenian armed forces implemented the capture of the Khojali city with support of hard equipment and the personnel of the infantry guards regiment № 366 the of former Soviet Union. The massed firing with using the artillery weapon, hard military equipment, was began in the evening of February 25 and preceded assault of the city. As a result of this the fire began in the city and by 5 o’clock in the morning the whole city was in fire. The population (about 2500 people) remained in the city was forced to leave their houses with the hope to find the way to Aghdam — the district center and the nearest place mainly populated by Azerbaijanis. But these plans have failed. The Armenian armed forces with the military support of the infantry guards regiment destroyed Khojali city and with particular brutality implemented carnage over the peaceful population. As a result: 613 people were killed, among them, 63 children, 106 women, 70 elders. 8 families were completely killed. 25 children lost both parents. 130 children lost one of the parents.487 people were wounded, including 76 children 1275 people were hostages.150 people were missing. The damage done to both state and private property estimated 5 billion robles (according to the prices of 01.04.92) These figures have indicate the results of the most bloody tragedy of Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, which began on February, 1988 with illegal demands of ethnic Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast of Azerbaijan SSR to join to Armenia SSR that was provoked by direct support of ruling circles of the Armenian SSR, consent and inactivity of the central authorities of the Soviet Union. Khojali assault by the Armenian armed forces was predetermined by a strategic location of the city.

 The city with population of 7000 people is situated 10 kilometers to South-East from Khankendi. Khojali is situated on the route Aghdam-Shusha, Askeran-Khankendi and has the sole airport, in the Nagorno-Karabakh. Khojali is the historical place and the memorials of ancient history have still remained here. The memorials of Khojali-Kedabek culture of XIV-VII centuries B.C. are near Khojali village. The funeral memorials — the stone boxes, barrows and necropolis of the late Bronze Age and early Iron Age, as well as architectural memorials – round crypt (1356—1357) and mausoleum (XIV century) were found here. The various stone, bronze, bone adornment, the ceramics household goods were found during the archeological excavations. The name of the Assyrian king Adadnerari (807—788 cc. B.C.) was written on one of the beads found in Khojali. The population was engaged in ranching, wine-growing, beekeeping and grain farming. There were the textile fabrics, 2 secondary schools and 2 partial secondary schools in the city.In connection with the events of the last years 54 turk-meskhets families — refugees from Fergana (Uzbekistan), as well as Azerbaijanis expatriated from Armenia have taken refuge in this city. Because of that the construction of branches of big industrial enterprises of Azerbaijan, residential buildings and other sites were developed. Later the Armenian side admitted that one of the first goals of Armenian armed forces was the liquidation of Khojali base to open the corridor connecting Askeran village and Stepanakert across the city and unblocking of the sole airport, which was under the control of the Azerbaijanis. Pay attention to the phrase “the liquidation of the Khojali base”. These words, which are also heard today, have disclose the motives of mass extirpation of children and women, motives of bloody massacre implemented by Armenians. Khojali was under blockade since October, 1991. On October, 30 the ground traffic was cut off and helicopter was the only way of transportation. The last civilian helicopter arrived in Khojali on January, 28 and after the civilian helicopter was brought down over Shusha city, as a result of which 40 people died, the helicopter traffic also stopped its functioning. Beginning from January, 2 there was no electricity in the city. The city lived due to the courage of the population and the heroism of its defenders. Defense of the city was organized by the local guard forces, militia and fighters of the National Army mainly armed by submachine guns.From the second part of February Khojali was encircled by the Armenian armed forces and subjected to the daily artillery and the hard military equipment firing, the attack attempts of the Armenian side. Preparation for Khojali attack began in the evening of February, 25 when the military equipment of regiment No 366 began to take positions around the city. The assault of the city began by two-hour firing of tanks, armored cars and guns with the missile Alazan. Khojali was blocked from three sides and the people tried to escape in Askeran direction. But very soon they understood that it was the ominous trap. Near Nakhchivanik village the Armenian armed forces opened the fire on the unarmed people. Just here, in Askeran-Nakhchevanik shallow gully many of children and women, elders, frostbitten and weaken in the snow of forests and mountain passes became the victims of the brutality of the Armenian armed forces. These events took place when the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran Ali Akbar Vilayati had visited the region with the mediatory mission. On February, 25 he met with the leadership of Azerbaijan in Baku and on February, 27 he planned to go to the Karabakh, and then to Armenia. In connection with this according to the agreement of the both parts three days cease fire was declared from February, 27 till March, 1, but it was also ignored by the Armenian side. It was also happened on February, 12 when the mission of the Council of Security and Cooperation in Europe arrived in Karabakh with the aim to acquaint and analyse the situation in the conflict zone and the possibilities of its settlement, and then it was planned to go to Yerevan and Baku. Exactly on February, 12 the Armenian extremists carried out the capture of Malibeyli and Gushchular villages of Shusha district, as a result of which the villages were completely destroyed and burnt. Only in Malibeyli about 50 people were killed, wounded and taken as hostages. Those days the Azerbaijani forces couldn’t burst through to help the population of Khojali, and there was also no ability to take away the dead bodies. At the same time special groups of Armenians in white camouflage cloaks using helicopters searched the people in the forests: the groups of people who came out the forest were shot or taken as hostages and subjected to tortures. On February, 28 the group of local journalists could reach the place of massacre of Azerbaijanis by two helicopters. Awful sight shocked everybody the field was covered by dead bodies. Despite the convoy of the second helicopter they could take only 4 dead bodies because of firing of the helicopters by the Armenian terrorists. On March, 1 when the group of foreign and local journalists could come to this place, the sight that they saw was more terrible. The dead bodies were mutilated. Many of them had of the bullet wounds to head and this showed that the wounded people were finished. After the medical inspection of dead bodies it was determined that they were scalped, their ears and other organs were cut off, the eyes were put out, their extremities were chopped off, they have numerous gun wounds, many of them pressed by hard equipment. Milli Majlis (Parliament) of Azerbaijan declared February, 26 as the Day of Khojali genocide. Every year at 5 p.m. on February, 26 people of Azerbaijan reveres memory of Khojali victims by the minute of silence. Khojali inhabitants became refugees and took temporary refuge in 48 districts of Azerbaijan are waiting for fair a solving of Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, the end of the aggression of Armenia against Azerbaijan, the restoration of the territorial integrity of the Republic. They appeal to the peoples of the world, states and international organizations to protect the truth and justice, condemn the facts of terrorism, ethnic cleaning implemented in Khojali. Culprits of Khojali tragedy, its orginizers and executors must get deserved punishment. There is no and can not be the crime without the punishment. XXth century witnessed many bloody pages which are the history of genocide and ethnic cleaning. Khojali is one of the most terrible tragedies among them. Everybody who implicated in this terrible crime now has responsibility just only before his conscience, but the day will come and they will answer for all before the court of history.